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Types of Mass Communication: Courses, Scope, Careers & Cost


In the era of Snapchat streaks and Instagram influencers, mass communication has evolved from smoke signals to global social media platforms.

We're not just talking about newspapers and radio; we're diving into the diverse world of mass media.

So, buckle up as we embark on a quirky yet informative journey through the types of mass communication that shape the way we perceive the world.

What is Mass Communication: The Basics

Mass communication course is the superhero of the information realm, responsible for producing, transmitting, receiving, and analyzing messages for large audiences through various oral and written media.

It's not just about creating messages; it's about understanding how and why they are delivered. This broad field encompasses print, digital media, the Internet, social media, radio, and television, offering a spectrum of career opportunities.

Types of Mass Communication

The many mediums of mass media include books, newspapers, radio, social media platforms, publications, and streaming services. Let's delve into the four distinct types:

Print Media:

  • Originating from newspapers, print media has expanded to include journals, books, and periodicals.
  • Billboards and coupons are modern variations, making it one of the oldest yet effective methods of reaching the public.

Outdoor Media:

  • Think beyond traditional billboards. Ambient marketing, like using manhole covers for coffee brand promotions, is a contemporary twist.
  • Unusual places and materials transform bus stations, public transport, and buildings into innovative advertising spaces.

Media Broadcasting:

Digital Media:

  • In a world with 4.66 billion active internet users, digital media rules.

  • Brands utilize websites, YouTube, podcasts, Instagram, and Facebook for advertising, creating a dynamic landscape.

Research Methods in Mass Communication: Decoding the Data

Understanding mass communication involves various research methods:

Research Method Description

Qualitative Research

Uncovering insights through non-numeric data.

Quantitative Research

Focusing on numerical data for statistical analysis.

Fundamental Research

Investigating principles and theories.

Analytical Research

Breaking down complex phenomena.

Applied Research

Solving practical problems.

Conclusive Research

Arriving at a definitive conclusion.

Exploratory Research

Investigating unfamiliar subjects.

Descriptive Research

Describing the characteristics of a phenomenon.

Read More: How to become a journalist after 12th for Indians?)

How much does it cost to Study Mass communication abroad?

For those dreaming beyond borders, exploring mass communication abroad opens new horizons. Here's a glimpse of the tuition fees in different countries:

Country Type of Tuition Fee (Range) Approx.


USD 5,000 - USD 27,000


USD 7,700 - USD 30,000

United Kingdom

USD 5,500 - USD 25,000


USD 8,000- USD 35,000

Advantages of Studying Mass Communication

Embarking on a journey in mass communication endows you with a set of valuable skills:

  • Commitment to deadlines and adhering to them

  • Networking and interpersonal skills

  • Flexible approach toward work

  • Critical analysis and research ability

  • Out-of-the-box and creative thinking

  • The knack for telling stories and communication skills

  • Excellent writing skills

Mass Communication Courses: Charting Your Academic Journey

For those intrigued by the magic behind mass communication, there are various courses to choose from, catering to different durations and academic levels.

Mass Communication Courses in India: Shaping Future Communicators

Course Type of Course Duration

P.G. Certificate Course in

Hindi Journalism

Post-graduate Certification

1 year

Diploma in

Journalism and Mass Communication


2 years

P.G. Diploma in Hindi


Post-graduate Diploma

2 years

PG Diploma in Business

Journalism & Corporate


Post-graduate Diploma

1 year

M.A in Journalism and

Mass Communication

Post-graduate Degree

2 years

BA in Journalism

Undergraduate Degree

3 years

BA Hons Multimedia &

Mass Communication



Undergraduate Degree

3 years

Diploma in Media Studies


3 years

BA Hons in Hindi


Undergraduate Degree

3 years

BA Hons Journalism &

Mass Communication (BJMC)

Undergraduate Degree

3 years

B.A. Film Making and Mass


Undergraduate Degree

3 years

Bachelor of Mass Media


Undergraduate Degree

3 years


(Read More: List of courses to pursue after 10th standard in Mass communication)

Career Opportunities After Studying Mass Communication & Salaries Abroad

Explore the diverse job roles in mass communication after 12th and the salaries they command:

Career Median Salary (Approx.)


USD 51,000


USD 37,000

Authors and Writers

USD 61,000

News Anchors

USD 58,000

News Producers

USD 30,000 to USD 80,000


USD 128,000

Impact of Social Media on Mass Communication

The advent of social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram has revolutionized mass communication. These platforms have become powerful tools for disseminating information and shaping public discourse. The instantaneous nature of social media enables real-time updates, fostering a dynamic environment for news and content consumption.

Social media has broken down traditional communication barriers, allowing individuals from diverse backgrounds to voice their opinions. News stories now unfold on social media platforms before they even reach traditional news outlets. The viral nature of content on these platforms can catapult an event, idea, or issue into the spotlight, creating a ripple effect in mass communication.

However, the impact of social media on mass communication isn't without its challenges. The rise of misinformation and fake news is a pressing concern. The speed at which information spreads on these platforms can sometimes outpace fact-checking processes, leading to the circulation of inaccurate or misleading content. Striking a balance between the immediacy of social media and the responsibility to provide accurate information remains a key challenge.

(Read More: How to choose the right multimedia course abroad?)

Challenges and Ethical Considerations in Mass Communication

As mass communication evolves, professionals face ethical dilemmas that demand careful navigation. Issues like fake news challenge the integrity of information dissemination, raising questions about media bias and the responsibility of outlets to uphold journalistic standards. Striking a balance between delivering news promptly and ensuring accuracy poses an ongoing challenge.

Media bias, whether intentional or unintentional, can shape public perception and influence opinions. Journalists and media organizations must continually evaluate their reporting practices to maintain credibility and transparency. The responsibility of journalists to be objective and impartial is paramount in ensuring that the public receives unbiased information.

Additionally, privacy concerns in the era of digital communication have become more pronounced. The collection and use of personal data for targeted advertising or content delivery raise ethical questions about consent and the boundaries of information sharing. As technology continues to advance, the ethical considerations in mass communication will evolve, requiring professionals to stay vigilant and uphold ethical standards.

Global Trends in Mass Communication

Exploring current global trends reveals exciting developments in mass communication. The rise of podcasts has transformed the audio landscape, offering unique storytelling opportunities. Podcasts have become a preferred medium for in-depth discussions, interviews, and storytelling, providing audiences with an alternative to traditional radio.

Virtual reality (VR) in journalism is another groundbreaking trend. VR immerses audiences in news stories, allowing them to experience events firsthand. This immersive approach has the potential to create a deeper connection between the audience and the narrative, bringing a new dimension to storytelling.

Innovative storytelling techniques, including data visualization and interactive narratives, are reshaping how information is presented and consumed. Infographics, interactive maps, and multimedia elements enhance the engagement of audiences, making complex information more accessible and digestible.

Influence of Mass Communication on Public Opinion: Shaping Minds and Perspectives

Investigating the influence of mass communication on public opinion unveils its power in shaping societal attitudes. News media, in particular, plays a pivotal role in shaping political discourse and influencing public perception. Understanding how media narratives affect public opinion is crucial in comprehending the broader societal impact of mass communication.

The framing of news stories, language choices, and the selection of images all contribute to shaping public opinion. Media outlets have the responsibility to present information in a balanced and unbiased manner, allowing the audience to form their own opinions based on accurate and diverse perspectives.

Political communication through mass media significantly influences public attitudes and behaviors. The portrayal of political leaders, parties, and policies in the media can sway public opinion, making it essential for media professionals to uphold ethical standards and provide fair and accurate coverage.

(Read More: List of top professional courses after graduation for Indian students)

Career Paths after Mass Communication

Journalism and Broadcasting

While traditional roles like journalism and broadcasting remain integral, the field offers a diverse array of career paths. Content creation for online platforms, social media management, and influencer marketing have emerged as unconventional yet impactful roles.

Content creation

Content creation for online platforms involves producing engaging and shareable content for websites, blogs, and social media. This role demands creativity, adaptability, and a keen understanding of online trends to capture and retain audience attention.

Social media management 

Social media management has become a specialized career, focusing on building and maintaining a brand's presence on various platforms. Social media managers strategize, create content, and engage with audiences, playing a crucial role in shaping a brand's public image.

Influencer marketing

Influencer marketing leverages individuals with a significant online following to promote products or services. Influencers, often experts in specific niches, have the power to sway consumer opinions and create trends. This dynamic field requires individuals with strong communication skills and the ability to connect with diverse audiences.

Scope After Mass Communication Abroad

The growth in mass communication is unbeatable, and the world's reliance on technology continues to fuel this growth. Opportunities abound for those interested in television, radio, communications, advertisements, journalism, and more. The scope is vast, with options to pursue various levels of education after 10th grade:

  • Associate Degrees (2 years): A firm base on the subject.
  • Bachelor's Degrees (3-4 years): In-depth study with additional placement options.
  • Master's and PhD Programs: Varied but typically include one-to-one tutorials, practical workshops, seminars, and lectures.

Signing Off!

Mass communication isn't just a field of study; it's a dynamic force shaping our perceptions.

Whether you're exploring courses in India or considering international options for studying abroad, the world of mass communication is vast and full of opportunities.

So, whether you choose to tell stories through a camera lens, write compelling articles, or shape public relations strategies, your journey in mass communication is a narrative waiting to unfold.

Happy Exploring!

FAQ’s - Frequently Asked Questions for Types of Mass Communication

What is the highest salary in mass media?

Experienced news anchors in major markets can earn significant salaries, ranging from 35,00,000 - 1,00,00,000 annually. However, it's important to note that reaching such positions often requires years of experience and building a reputable profile in the industry.

Is paid media a good career?

Overall, Paid Media Analytics is a fulfilling career path for individuals who enjoy working with data, have a knack for trend-spotting, and want to make an impact on business goals through digital advertising campaigns.

What is the age limit for journalism?

No, generally there is no age limit for Journalism courses, but some institutes set an age limit for admission in UG and PG courses. Students who meet the eligibility criteria can apply for admission to any course in this field.

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