Advantage Australia: Immigration Policy attracts top talent and Boosts Economy
In the quagmire of US political turmoil and debate on immigration, which is focused mainly on the controversy surrounding refugees and unskilled immigrants, countries such as Australia, and Canadaare aggressively lobbying for their share of highly skilled immigrants who are turning away from USA? There is a long gap between immigrants who are admitted based on their skills and those who enter for other reasons to USA. Currently in USA only two out of ten foreigners are admitted on the basis of their skills and one out of 17 are admitted for advanced skills. The Australian figures for skilled immigration are much higher than in USA on account of their merit based immigration system. The number of international students in Australia has tripled over the last few years. The increase is on account of the streamlined and easy visa process.
Australia focuses on Merit Based Immigration
Immigrants to Australia are selected based on their merits. Moreover Students who graduate from Universities in Australia are allowed to stay in the country for 18 months in order to search for a job and then move on to a work visa for four years which can lead to citizenship. The US immigration system on the other hand does not encourage students to stay on after their graduation. Policy makers in Australia are also considering a proposal to accept those students who graduate from US and UK universities through a lottery system thus capitalizing on those workers who are skilled but turned away from US and UK. Australia as a result of its emphasis on accepting international workers with skill sets has provided economic benefit to the nation. The country’s economy is expected to grow by 1.2 trillion USD by 2050 and increase of 5.9% per capita on account of immigration. It is also expected that immigrants will contribute 10% more to the increase in per capita income than citizens, thus proving that immigration if done in the right manner can indeed benefit the economy. Australia has been gaining the immigrants who are being turned away due to strict immigration policies in the USA. The number of immigrants to Australia from India has increased by four times since 2000. This has also resulted in part from active government efforts through public education to reduce discrimination and increase acceptance of immigrants from diverse backgrounds. Australia is expected to provide PR to 190,000 immigrants in the current year alone.
Advantages of skilled immigration to Australia
The focus of Australia’s immigration policy on highly skilled workers is expected to improve the overall socio-economic structure of the country. Skilled immigrants are expected to increase the proportion of college educated people to 60% by the year 2050. Immigrants also are changing the demographic structure of the population and replacing the number of people who are on the verge of retirement. The immigration policies are geared towards accepting young and highly skilled immigrants who will make a significant contribution towards the social security fund in the country through payment of taxes.One of the major differences in the attitude of Australians to immigration is that it is seen as a gain and not as a cost for immigration to Australia. As a result of the progressive outlook and immigration policies in Australia the country has been able to attract the cream of meritorious talent.