THE IMMIGRANT DILEMMA CONFRONTING THE UNITED KINGDOM
UK Immigration Unique Dilemma
According to certain studies, the United Kingdom is facing a Unique Dilemma with regards to immigrants. The country wants to curb the number of immigrants into the country; however, both industries and economic experts agree that immigrants are important for economic growth of the country. According to the office for Budget Responsibility, the increase in immigration over the past year to 298,000, which was three times the projected target by Tories, was a vital factor in its upgrade of the economic growth forecasts. The office predicted that the net migration would add 0.6% to the expected output of the country's economy.
The Effect of Reducing Immigration on UK
The British government has planned to reduce the number of immigrants from the European Union through imposing tougher controls. However, Overseas Immigration Experts have warned that this could have counter effects as immigrants are a vital resource in the UK economy. Industrial pundits have stated that more alien workers are required for working on farms, health care, construction and IT sectors. The impact of reducing immigration is especially prominent in the healthcare sector. According to National Health Service (NHS), a huge number of nursing positions, precisely, 11,000 in England and 6000 in Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, are vacant due to lack of resources. This shortage would only be amplified in the event of border restrictions and UK Immigration process from India.
The British Red Cross has stated that the country is facing an Overburdened system with too many patients and too few nurses to take care of them. The head of employment at College has stated that they were facing huge problems due to lack of staff. The proposed reduction in immigrants is expected to impact all other sectors as well including IT, agriculture, hotels, education and others, and is expected to be felt across skill levels.
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The Reason behind the Political Decision to Reduce the Number of Immigrants
Given the importance of Immigrants in the UK labor market and the role they play in the economic growth of the country, it makes one wonder as to the rationale behind the decision for reducing immigrants and imposing additional border controls. One reason for it could be a political rather than an economic one. In the opinion of many who do not want Immigrants into UK, the increase in the number of immigrants has led to a reduction in the average wage of workers in the UK. However, a recent research conducted by the British Election Study has found that the sentiment against immigrants dissipates with an increase in knowledge about how the economy works. The survey found that the greater the individual's knowledge of financial matters, the more positive their views on immigration would be. The research concluded that people were to a larger extent less likely to perceive immigrants as a burden on the state if they understood the fundamental principles of economics such as the working of labor markets and taxes. An improvement in the understanding of financial and economic matters was likely to lead to a more positive perception of immigrants in the country.
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